Brief light pulses are delivered to the vein through the skin’s surface. They are absorbed by hemoglobin (the substance that gives blood the reddish, purple color) and converted into heat. This heat causes the walls of the vein to collapse which, in turn, stops the blood flow. Once this happens, the vein is slowly absorbed into the body, disappearing from sight.
Laser and IPL technology enables us to collapse the veins without doing any damage to the outer layers of skin. The wavelength discharged through the pulse enables the light to reach the target veins under the skin while evading the outer skin entirely. The light pulses are delivered so quickly, there is not enough time for the skin to be damaged. Broken capillaries are commonly found on the cheeks or nose area and these appear as small red / pink threads under the skin’s surface. Over time, aging, trauma, sun exposure, and certain lifestyle factors cause a number of them to break appearing as red streaks or blotches on the face. Dehydrated, dry and sensitive skins often have thinkeratosis, which is an early warning sign of severe sun damage. Actinic keratosis is a condition in which lesions appear as scaly red or brown bumps on the face, ears, neck, lips and forearms or on the backs of the hands.